World History

Test I     World History     Endicott     Fall, 2009

Please answer 4 (four) of the following short answers:

Hammurabi and Code of Law            Aristotle

Old/Middle/New Kingdoms               Cyrus the Great and Persian Empire

Nubia                                                  Jewish God

Peloponnesian War                             Sparta

Cleisthenes                                          Babylonian Captivity

Please circle the correct answer:

1) A key feature of the Neolithic Era was

            A) the use of iron tools.

            B) the beginning of sedentary communities.

            C) nomadic hunter-gatherer societies.

            D) the emergence of writing.

2) The Nile River

A) flooded violently and unpredictably making productive agriculture difficult.

            B) was easy to navigate with few obstacles.

            C) often ran dry near the Delta especially during times of drought.

            D) allowed ancient Egypt to develop as a self contained society.

3) The Code of Hammurabi

            A) created social equality.

            B) carried out punishment in accordance with social rank.

            C) reflected the nomadic rural lifestyle of ancient Mesopotamia.

            D) dealt mostly with trade and commerce.

4) What was the key reason certain sexual practices were taboo?

            A) They overwhelmingly offended ancient religious traditions.

            B) They were regarded as counterproductive.

            C) They threatened the institution of marriage.

            D) The created sexual conflict within a settled group.

5) The Minoan civilization flourished on what island?

            A) Cyprus

            B) Rhodes

            C) Salamis

            D) Crete

6) During the Old Kingdom

            A) the military was virtually non-existent as Egyptians had little to fear from invasion.

            B) power was concentrated in the hands of the powerful priest class.

            C) Egypt pursued an expansionist imperial policy to acquire additional territory.

            D) the pharaoh declared that eternal life was open to all Egyptians.

7) Contributions of the Sumerians include all of the following except:

            A) The first significant form of writing called cuneiform.

            B) Arranging society into legal classes.

            C) Using 0 and base 10 for mathematics.

            D) The wheel.

8) The greatest difference between the Genesis version and other Great Flood accounts is

            A) that in the Genesis account the flood lasts much longer.

            B) while other gods destroyed humans on a whim, the Hebrew god destroyed humans because they were corrupt and evil.

            C) after the flood only in Genesis is God sorry for destroying the world.

            D) only in Genesis did the chosen human save animals.

9) What is true of Sparta?

            A) Sparta’s militaristic society most likely developed because of its intense rivalry with Athens.

            B) Other Greek poleis feared Sparta because Sparta had a reputation of harassing smaller poleis.

            C) Sparta’s use of extensive slave labor freed the Spartan citizenry to concentrate on its military.

            D) Sparta’s military prowess was largely based on the tens of  thousands of soldiers in its army.  

10) The Zealots led a rebellion against what empire?

            A) Roman

            B) Persian

            C) Alexandrian

            D) Egyptian

11) The biblical account of Sodom and Gomorrah revealed the Hebrews believed their god to be

            A) loving.

            B) just.

            C) merciful.

            D) forgiving.

12) Cleisthenes Council of 500 was also known as the

            A) boule.

            B) ekklesia.

            C) polis.

            D) deme.

13) David became powerful because

            A) he convinced the Israelites he had God’s blessing to rule Israel.

            B) he manipulated and bribed the Judges of the tribes.

            C) he eliminated his political opponents via deportation.

            D) he vanquished the Philistines by uniting the tribes.

14) What kingdom became the first official Christian state?

            A) Axum

            B) Nubia

            C) Persia

            D) Rome

15) What was the primary source of wealth for Mali and Ghana?

            A) Salt

            B) Slaves

            C) Gold

            D) Ivory

 16) What civilization was known for introducing iron smelting?

            A) Hittites.

            B) Akkadians.

            C) Sumerians.

            D) Phoeneicians.

17) A key factor in the Jewish vision of God was

            A) the belief that their god was supreme over all other gods.

            B) a god who controlled all human action.

            C) a belief that God existed before any realm.

            D) a belief that God was only accessible through priests.

18) What form of government did Plato believe was the best form of government?

            A) The rule of a man educated in statecraft.

            B) Democracy because it had the will of the majority.

            C) The military because of its code of honor and courage.

            D) The aristocracy because they promoted trade and economic well being.

19) Which battle during the Greek and Persian Wars was the final battle?

            A) Marathon

            B) Thermopylae

            C) Salamis

            D) Plataea

20) Anthropologists believe the primary reason the Neanderthal Man failed to survive was

            A) inferior brain development.

            B) the deliberate destruction by homo sapiens.

            C) climatic changes.

            D) the extinction of big mammals.

21) What was the primary result of the Peloponnesian War?

            A) Sparta burned Athens and deported its population.

            B) The Greek poleis established a confederation to deal with internal issues.

            C) Chaos reigned leaving the Greek mainland open to invasion.

            D) Athens defeated Sparta stripping it of its military.

22) Cyrus the Great

            A) issued a legal code which abolished slavery.

            B) deported conquered populations and colonized areas with Persians.

            C) conquered most of the Mediterranean world.

            D) eliminated local monarchs in favor of  Persian royal governors.

23) Solon

            A) brought about reform which allowed all male citizens of Athens to vote.

            B) redistributed the aristocracy’s wealth to Athens’ poor.

            C) established embryonic democracy via the Council of 400.

            D) instituted massive land reform.

24) Zoroastrianism included all of the following beliefs except:

            A) People were subject to the whims of the gods and sacrifice was key in appeasing them.

            B) A belief in angels and archangels.

            C) The universe was in constant conflict over the forces of good and evil.

            D) Evil actually played a positive role in human life.

25) The Iliad and the Odyssey concern the struggle of what two powers?

            A) Mycenaean Greeks v Dorian Greeks

            B) Mycenaean Greeks v Minoans

            C) Dorian Greeks v Troy

            D) Troy v Mycenaean Greeks

26) Jews began compiling and writing their history after what major event?

            A) The Exodus from Egypt.

            B) The division of ancient Israel.

            C) The Babylonian Captivity.

            D) Conquest of Alexander the Great.

27) Nubia

            A) developed the language of Swahili.

            B) greatly influenced pyramid building in Egypt.

            C) developed a phonetic alphabet which has yet to be deciphered.

            D) dominated trade on the Mediterranean Sea.

28) During what Egyptian Kingdom did the Egyptians harness the Nile via irrigation projects?

            A) Old

            B) Middle

            C) Second Intermediate

            D) New

29) What is not true of Jewish ethics?

            A) Since God had created people in his image, the Jewish people believed in the dignity of the human being.

            B) Free will forced people to take responsibility for their actions.

            C) Every human has basic rights every society must respect.

            D) Humans had little control over injustices.

30) The key effect of the Greek and Persian wars was

            A) it allowed Alexander the Great to defeat the weakened Persian empire.

            B) it led to the Peloponnesian War between Sparta &  Athens.

            C) the collapse of the Persian Empire.

            D) Greek culture heavily influenced the development of western civilization.

Bonus:

1) Who wrote a history of the Greek and Persian Wars?

2) Name on of Plato’s books.

3) Who is the Egyptian god of funerals?.

4) Who updated the calendar in the 16th century?

5) Who n the ancient world was referred to as King of Kings?

6) Who encouraged the cultivation of olive trees?