The Pollination Process and its Significance to the Environment

Pollination is a fertilization process in plants that involves the transfer of pollen grains from the male parts (anther) to the female parts (stigma) of a flower, forming seeds and fruits. Pollinators include bees, flies, wasps, butterflies, and moths or animals such as monkeys, bats, and birds. They visit flowers in search of fruits, nectar, or shelter, then they end up shaking the anthers, and the pollens fall on the stigma (Abrol, 2011). Alternatively, the pollen grains could stick on their bodies and be transferred to the other flowers. Likewise, wind and water can also initiate the transfer of pollen grains. Pollination is important to the environment because it facilitates ecological biodiversity, carbon sequestration, and the hydrological cycle.

The pollination promotes biodiversity by supporting the existence of different types of plants that provide food to many animals and insects. The existence of most plants on earth is mainly dependent on the pollination. Animals and insects depend on plants for food such as nectar, fruits, roots, and leaves as the primary food sources (Abrol, 2011). Studies show that more than 75% of crops depend on pollination to produce vegetables, grains, fruits, and other materials that human beings can use for food (Das et al. 2018). Plants also provide shelter to animals and insects. Thus, the pollination process contributes significantly to biodiversity through a sustainable ecological diversity.

Moreover, pollination enhances carbon sequestration, leading to a sustainable carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere. Pollination increases the plant population on earth, thereby elevating the carbon dioxide absorption during photosynthesis to make food and release oxygen as a waste product. Both plants and animals use this oxygen released as a by-product of the metabolism process for respiration (Daba & Dejene, 2018). As such, pollination ensures sufficient vegetative cover to absorb excess carbon dioxide released through respiration, combustion of fossil fuels, and other processes, thereby reducing the risk of global warming.

Furthermore, plants play an active role in the hydrological cycle because they absorb water through the roots and then release it back to the atmosphere through the transpiration process. The vegetative cover also reduces surface water run-off, facilitating water percolating to the underground reservoirs rather than flowing back to the sea and leaving the land dry (Feng, Zou, & Luo, 2017). Therefore, the pollination process increases the vegetative cover on the earth’s surface, leading to a sustainable water cycle.

In conclusion, pollination is a fundamental process that facilitates reproduction in flowering plants, elevating environmental diversity and sustainability. Pollination enhances biodiversity because it supports varied species of plants that provide food to a wide variety of animals and insects. Plants reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere during photosynthesis, thereby minimizing the risk of global warming. Also, they take absorb water from the soil and release it to the atmosphere through the leaves. Vegetative cover increases water infiltration and conserves underground water. Notably, pollination is essential to the environment, particularly to plants, animals, and insects.


Abrol, D. P. (2011). Pollination biology: biodiversity conservation and agricultural production.

Springer Science & Business Media.

Daba, M. H., & Dejene, S. W. (2018). The role of biodiversity and ecosystem services in carbon

sequestration and its implication for climate change mitigation. Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources11(2), 1-10.

Das, A., Sau, S., Pandit, M. K., & Saha, K. (2018). A review on: Importance of pollinators in

fruit and vegetable production and their collateral jeopardy from agro-chemicals. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud6, 1586-1591.