Impact of COVID in Nursing

Assignment #2 Part 1 Paraphrasing and Quoting

This assignment is an exercise to practice the concepts we discussed in class via PowerPoint.

Attached is an article which discusses the COVID impact for the long-term viability of Medicare. We will discuss this more later in class.

 Read the article and summarize the information to include the following:

  • What is the information presented in the article?
  • What are the specific factors, described in the article, which are exacerbated by the pandemic, and which could shorten the long-term viability of Medicare?

While addressing the questions above, make sure to:

  • Utilize paraphrasing to summarize the information.

AND

  •  Use TWO direct phrases from the article following the guidelines for using direct quotes discussed in the PowerPoint.

Click on Link to access the article.

COVID-19 recession pushed Social Security insolvency up a year – The Virginian-Pilot (pilotonline.com)

Assignment # Part 2 APA Citation Style

The Assignment will help to practice and to clarify the proper Intext and reference citations when using the APA style. Below is a short piece that I wrote and a list of the information on my sources.

Now your job is to insert the Intext Citations and to prepare the reference list. The numbers in the parentheses refer to the source of the information.

This Assignment is due no later than 11:59pm (EST) on Sunday September 12, 2021

See Example Next page

DISCLAIMER: THE INFORMATION IN THE SHORT PIECE IS NOT SPECIFIC OR MEANT TO PROVIDE A REAL SOURCE OF INFORMATION. THE SHORT PIECE IS FOR ASSIGNMENT PURPOSES ONLY

THIS IS AN EXAMPLE ONLY—NOT YOUR ASSIGNMENT; SEE NEXT PAGE FOR YOUR ASSIGNMENT.

Let us pretend that you have the sentence below as part of your paper. You want to include the “intext citation” and compose the “bibliographic reference”. Look at the parentheses at the end of the sentence. What would you enter here to give credit to the author for his idea? For this example, you will remove the number 1 and place the correct intext citation between the parentheses using the information found in number one below.

Sentence:

Health care has changed extraordinarily little over the last ten years with any changes having minimal impact and effecting little substantial change (1)

Bibliographic Reference

1.         Michael E. Porter Phd 

New England Journal of Medicine

Pages 109-112

Volume 361

2009
DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp0904131

So, what you would do is, using APA citation style:

Health care has changed extraordinarily little over the last ten years with any changes having minimal impact and effecting little substantial change (Porter, 2009)

And then, prepare the entry for the Reference list on a separate page with the title References (I went to page 198 of APA Style Manual):

References

Porter, M. E. (2009). A retrospective on changes in healthcare. New England Journal of Medicine, 361, 109-112. Doi:10.10.1056/NEJMp0904131.

Now go to the actual assignment and do the same thing for the intext references indicated by the numbers 1-5 of the paragraph. Make sure to prepare a Reference list, ON A SEPARATE PAGE, containing each of the sources and following APA style.

The healthcare system in the United States is a complex interaction between the government, health care providers, health insurance agencies and numerous other organizations who are stakeholders in our health care system. The use of these words, health care system, would imply a coordinated process of health care delivery but most planning occurs within the specific organization by the health care manager.

Becker (1) indicates that a strategic plan becomes the way that organizations manage their specific facility. Additionally, the planning provides a clear direction for employees which results in greater productivity and commitment. Other authors (2 and 3) indicate that planning enhances the best outcomes and allows for increased revenues. Flannagan (4) suggest that, in addition, planning provides a clear direction and forms the foundation for evaluating the performance of the staff. Knight (5) would propose that healthcare planning is complicated, as compared to other organizations, by the educational backgrounds, clinical versus business, of the various managers in healthcare resulting in a “dynamic tension”.

  1. Blog Post

Bradley E. Becker

June 5, 2013

5 Intangible Benefits Of Hospital Strategic Planning

https://www.beckershospitalreview.com/strategic-planning/5-intangible-benefits-of-hospital-strategic-planning.html
  • Lawton R Burns and Mark V. Pauly

Strategic Planning

Milbank Quarterly March 2018

Volume 96 Issue 1

Page 57-109

            doi: 10.1111/1468-0009.12312

  • A Framework for Describing Healthcare Delivery Organizations and Systems

Ileana L. Piña, Perry D. Cohen, David B. Larson, Lucy N. Marion, Marion R. Sills, Leif I. Solberg, Judy Zerzan

American Journal of Public Health.

April 2015

Volume 105 Issue 4

Pages 670–679

doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2014.301926

  • Irwin J. Flannagan Phd, Dean of Health Policy Yale University

The Strategic Management of Human Resources

In Introduction to Healthcare Management by S.B. Buchbinder and N.H. Shanks (Eds)

2007

Page 265-301

Jones and Bartlett Publishers

Sudbury Massachusetts

5.         Strategic Planning for Hospitals and Healthcare Systems

October 14, 2014

Ellis M. Knight